Leading, Slipping, Gaining, Lagging Analysis:
Diagnosing Employment Growth
Across Wisconsin Counties
Employment Growth by County
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Employment Growth by County
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
Borrowing from an approach that sometimes appears in the finance sections of the popular press, LSGL analysis is a handy and versatile way to compare, portray and classify the patterns of employment growth across all of Wisconsin's 72 counties. In finance, this technique is used for comparing and assessing the market performance of individual securities or across industry sectors. For example, the performance of the 30 stocks contained within Dow are compared with one another over the past week in contrast to their performance over the past month using the Dow's respective averages as the points of reference.
Here in this Wisconsin Regional Economic Analysis Project report, we adopt this approach to gauge and compare the employment growth of Wisconsin's 72 counties over the latest available year (2017) against the backdrop of their growth over the long term period (2008-2017). In so doing we classify their growth and performance into 4 broad categories: Leading, Slipping, Gaining and Lagging.
Employment Growth by County
County vs Statewide Average: 2008-2017 and 2017
Employment Growth by County
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
This figure displays the 72 counties of Wisconsin as dots on a scattergram, with the vertical axis representing the average annual employment growth rate over the long-term period (2008-2017), and the horizontal axis representing the employment growth rate for the near-term (2017).
This figure sets apart those counties whose long-term employment growth exceeded the statewide average of 0.30%, by portraying them in the top two quadrants demarcated at 0.30% on the vertical axis. County whose long-term average annual employment growth rate trailed the statewide average (0.30%) are distributed in the bottom two quadrants. In all, 22 counties surpassed the statewide average over 2008-2017, while 50 counties fell below.
Similarly, the two quadrants on the right of this figure present the positions of the 31 counties whose most recent (2017) employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (0.86%). The two quadrants on the left feature those 41 counties whose employment growth over 2017 trailed the statewide average.
Accordingly, each quadrant portrays the performance of all 72 counties corresponding with their long-term (2008-2017) and near-term (2017) performance relative to their respective statewide averages of 0.30% over 2008-2017 and 0.86% over 2017:
Leading counties () (top-right quadrant)...are the fifteen counties whose average annual employment growth rate surpassed the statewide average both long-term (0.30%) and near-term (0.86%).
Slipping counties () (top-left quadrant)...are the seven counties whose long-term average annual employment growth rate exceeded the statewide average (0.30%), but whose near-term growth has "slipped" by falling below the Wisconsin average (0.86%).
Gaining counties () (bottom-right quadrant)...are the sixteen counties whose long-term average annual employment growth rate fell below the statewide average (0.30%), but whose near-term growth has "gained" by registering above the average (0.86%) statewide.
Lagging counties () (bottom-left quadrant)...are the thirty-four counties whose average annual employment growth rate fell under the statewide average both long-term (0.30%) and near-term (0.86%).
   
 
Summary of Wisconsin's 72 County Totals
 
Short Term Average
 
 
Below
(0.86%)
Above
(0.86%)
 
Long
Term
Average
Above
(0.30%)
7
15
22
Below
(0.30%)
34
16
50
 
41
31
72
 
   
Leading Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Leading Counties
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
Turning attention to the top-right quadrant from the discussion above, this figure features the distribution of the Wisconsin counties classified as Leading. These counties surpassed Wisconsin's average annual employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 0.30%) as well as near-term (2017 = 0.86%). Each is identified by its corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017 as noted in the table below.
Of Wisconsin's 72 counties, 15 (21%) are classified within the Leading () category. Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Slipping Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Slipping Counties
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
This figure depicts the distribution of the 7 Wisconsin counties classified as Slipping (top-left quadrant), in that their long-term average annual employment growth rate outpaced the average statewide (2008-2017 = 0.30%), while they trailed the statewide average near-term (2017 = 0.86%). Again, each county is identified by it's corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Only 7 ( 10%) of Wisconsin's 72 counties are classified as Slipping (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Gaining Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Gaining Counties
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
This figure shows the distribution of the 16 Wisconsin counties classified as Gaining (bottom-right quadrant), in that their long-term average annual employment growth rate posted below the average statewide (2008-2017 = 0.30%), while they outpaced Wisconsin's average near-term (2017 = 0.86%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on its average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
Of Wisconsin's 72 counties, 22% (16) are featured as Gaining (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
Lagging Counties
2017 vs. 2008-2017 Averages
Lagging Counties
Wisconsin:
2008-2017 = 0.30%
2017 = 0.86%
This figure depicts the distributions of the 34 Wisconsin counties classified as Lagging (bottom-left quadrant). These counties trailed the statewide average annual employment growth both long-term (2008-2017 = 0.30%) as well as near-term (2017 = 0.86%). Again, each county is identified by its corresponding ranking based on it's average annual employment growth rate over 2008-2017.
47% of Wisconsin's counties, 34 of 72, are characterized here as Lagging (). Those counties ranked by their long-term average include:
NOTE: Click on any county name to highlight its position in the chart above.
   
 
Wisconsin
Employment Growth
County vs. Statewide Average
 
2008-2017
 
2017
 
 
Leading Counties
 
20
0.40
 
30
0.90
7,210
 
11
0.58
 
15
1.46
194,221
 
6
0.75
 
25
1.02
18,440
 
8
0.70
 
7
2.00
32,495
 
3
1.23
 
28
0.92
435,320
 
1
1.79
 
2
3.55
85,604
 
7
0.70
 
3
2.65
8,264
 
18
0.43
 
6
2.00
28,254
 
16
0.49
 
27
0.95
136,147
 
2
1.31
 
18
1.27
48,070
 
17
0.45
 
31
0.88
16,190
 
14
0.51
 
26
1.02
58,364
 
21
0.38
 
9
1.93
74,972
 
15
0.50
 
16
1.45
312,702
 
10
0.59
 
22
1.06
116,711
Slipping Counties
 
9
0.64
 
72
-3.79
19,182
 
4
1.13
 
45
0.48
34,748
 
19
0.42
 
46
0.48
23,332
 
12
0.58
 
42
0.55
88,249
 
22
0.33
 
63
-0.54
2,413
 
5
1.04
 
50
0.29
60,591
 
13
0.55
 
41
0.58
46,577
Gaining Counties
 
33
0.03
 
8
1.95
29,758
 
30
0.10
 
5
2.43
7,462
 
32
0.06
 
19
1.19
46,794
 
28
0.12
 
24
1.03
20,583
 
25
0.24
 
17
1.43
75,762
 
55
-0.47
 
1
3.69
1,741
 
34
0.03
 
21
1.13
11,861
 
53
-0.42
 
29
0.91
44,471
 
57
-0.55
 
10
1.85
15,175
 
56
-0.54
 
11
1.70
6,327
 
47
-0.22
 
20
1.14
14,571
 
38
-0.07
 
23
1.04
3,980
 
44
-0.15
 
14
1.52
85,359
 
61
-0.79
 
12
1.63
10,387
 
42
-0.11
 
13
1.57
74,926
 
52
-0.40
 
4
2.62
12,742
Lagging Counties
 
63
-0.79
 
67
-0.78
6,241
 
66
-0.91
 
44
0.51
10,689
 
72
-2.18
 
59
-0.13
7,137
 
70
-1.17
 
61
-0.31
10,937
 
40
-0.09
 
55
0.09
21,527
 
23
0.28
 
37
0.72
25,641
 
31
0.09
 
49
0.29
60,349
 
68
-1.12
 
47
0.37
4,660
 
24
0.25
 
54
0.11
29,357
 
69
-1.14
 
58
-0.10
9,671
 
51
-0.39
 
66
-0.68
15,706
 
71
-1.33
 
60
-0.19
2,632
 
37
-0.06
 
33
0.85
12,639
 
60
-0.68
 
57
-0.10
10,094
 
54
-0.46
 
38
0.65
10,761
 
49
-0.30
 
52
0.16
44,096
 
39
-0.08
 
43
0.53
91,687
 
62
-0.79
 
64
-0.56
23,869
 
36
-0.04
 
48
0.33
604,413
 
59
-0.62
 
65
-0.60
22,913
 
29
0.10
 
40
0.61
17,894
 
27
0.15
 
53
0.16
23,942
 
67
-1.07
 
69
-1.52
8,352
 
46
-0.20
 
35
0.74
95,358
 
50
-0.31
 
71
-3.73
9,410
 
64
-0.81
 
62
-0.52
7,604
 
43
-0.15
 
32
0.86
48,168
 
35
-0.00
 
39
0.62
19,861
 
48
-0.27
 
36
0.72
12,151
 
26
0.21
 
68
-0.96
20,088
 
45
-0.18
 
56
-0.02
8,765
 
65
-0.85
 
70
-1.56
27,026
 
41
-0.09
 
34
0.79
9,553
 
58
-0.61
 
51
0.18
48,484
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.30
 
0.86
3,691,630
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
0.90
 
1.43
196,132,200
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_LSGL
 
   
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